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Minggu, 29 Oktober 2017

Intagible Cultural Heritage Bangunan Tradisi Minangkabu

Nasbahry Couto

The Minangkabau cultural history is influenced by major cultures in generally such as Hinduism and Buddhism, Islam, and by Western or Dutch culture (Amran, Rusli., (1981), Navis, A.A, 1984; Nasbahry C, 1998). Thus both object culture and objectless culture are influenced by these great cultures. The intangible cultural Heritage from anismistic track of cultural and Hindu Buddhism that interpreted from the rules of the building, the way and the arrangement of buildings appear from Mount Merapi, as well as the naming of elements of the building (architecture), and the artifactsin the past culture. According to the study of the original minang tradition building is always stretched out toward the mountain (Syamsul Asri, 1996), four gonjong roofed as a four symbol or Minangkabau cosmology). Likewisethe names of building elements and building frame.
The intangible cultural heritage can also be investigated from words and languages that used for naming elements or parts of buildings. it also from the cull of belief, fairy tales, and minangkabau myths at the past that can be read from the arrangement of carvings on the building of Minangkabautradition.Thus, to examine the intangible cultural heritage aspects of traditional buildings, this study can be approached through semiotics (science of signs) or through the study of cosmology (Bakker, Anton.1995) on Minangkabau tradition culture. The Intangible Cultural Heritage study consist of: (1) oral tradition and expression, including language as a vehicle of intangible cultural heritage; (2) performing arts; (3) social practices, rituals and festival events; (4) knowledge and practice of nature and the universe; (5) traditional skills (Unesco, 2003). That is, "The heritage of intangible cultural heritage ispractices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills - as well as the instruments, objects, artifacts and cultural spaces linked to them.
Keywords: intangible cultural heritage, minangkabau, languange, traditional building

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